UNICEF: United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
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UNICEF: United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund

United Nations International Children's Fund (or UNICEF) was created by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946 to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries suffering the devastation caused by World War II.

United Nations International Children's Fund (or UNICEF) was created by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946 to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries suffering the devastation caused by World War II.

In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System and its name was shortened from the original United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund to the popular acronym based on this old name.

Headquartered in New York City, UNICEF provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries throughout the world including clean water, nutrition, education, protection, emergency relief, and a variety of other resources.

Actively protecting the rights of children and young adults--especially victims of natural disasters and conflict--UNICEF is supported by the U.S. Fund through fundraising, advocacy, and education in the United States. 

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Intergovernmental contributions accounts for about two thirds of UNICEF's resources, with private groups and some six million individual contributors providing the remainder through various national committees. They also rally many different partners including the media, national and local government officials, NGOs, specialists such as doctors and lawyers, corporations, schools, young people and the general public on issues related to children’s rights.

Most of UNICEF's work takes place in the field, with staff in over 190 countries and territories. More than 200 country offices carry out UNICEF's mission through a program coordinated with host governments, with seven regional offices providing technical assistance to country offices as needed. 

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But, despite extraordinary progress through its sixty-five year history, an estimated 22,000 children still die each day from preventable causes.  Thus, UNICEF’s ongoing mission is to strive to make that number zero by giving children the essentials for a safe and healthy childhood. Among UNICEF’s numerous worthwhile projects they:

> Serve HIV/AIDS orphans and vulnerable children in Rwanda.

After widespread genocide in 1994, Rwanda had one of the highest percentages of orphans in the world.  Today, while many of the orphans, who have lost one or both parents to AIDS or other disease, have grown up, there are still an estimated 22,000 children who live with HIV.  UNICEF and partners are working to provide services for these and other vulnerable children in this country facing a range of challenges including poor sanitation and lack of early childhood development opportunities.

> Support equity for poor villagers on remote Indonesian islands.

In Indonesia (which is comprised of more than 17,500 islands), about a third of the population lives below the international poverty line.  Atubul Dol, for example, which is one of the Indonesia’s most remote villages, requires UNICEF health officers to travel by plane, car, ferry and, finally, outrigger canoe to reach this and other isolated communities to bring much needed aid.

> Initiate the reopening of schools in Ivory Coast in wake of violence.

Thanks to UNICEF efforts, schools have slowly began to reopen in Ivory Coast's largest city, Abidjan, and across the country. Facing many ongoing challenges (including the lack of boy students and teachers waiting to be paid), UNICEF has initiated an awareness campaign to ensure everyone knows about the reopening of schools.

> Raise money to support its Education and Literacy Programs.

UNICEF works together with companies all over the world (encompassing international as well as small- and medium-sized businesses) to improve literacy for children and young adults throughout the world.  Since 2005, the organization is being supported by German pen and watchmakers, Montblanc, working closely together to help the world’s children get better access to education.

UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 for its efforts, and the Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006.






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Comments (5)

Thank you for this valuable information and presented so nicely with lots of info too. Promoted since I am out of votes.

One of the best and most active organizations of UN is UNICEF and many of its services are noteworthy and highly commendable, especially its services for the HIV and AIDS orphans in Rwanda.An informative article friend.

informative article on the good work carried out by this organization.

Lotta Hitschmanova was a wonderful women

Very informative facts about UNICEF.